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What are the common fabrics?

hya hya.com 2018-03-21 10:38:44

What are the common fabrics?

First, natural fiber cotton, hemp, wool and silk are the traditional four natural fibers, belonging to plant fibers and animal fibers, respectively. Plant fibers, composed of cellulose and lignin, are generally afraid of acids and are not afraid of alkalis. Alkaline soaps or neutral lotions can be used for washing. Animal fibers, which are mainly composed of proteins, are easily degraded in an acid-base environment. Therefore, animal fibers are not suitable for cleaning with acid-alkali detergents, and dry cleaning or neutral detergents are preferably used, and bleaching agents cannot be used. Since cellulose fabrics such as cotton, hemp, and wool have hydrophilicity, they are subject to strain in the form of tension during the dyeing process. After being washed, they tend to swell and shrink. 

Advantages: ventilation, breathability, good moisture absorption, easy to wash, soft touch;

Disadvantages: easy to wrinkle, washing will shrink. Existing combed cotton, shrink-proof and anti-crease processed cotton fabric.

Because of the poor luster of cotton, it is necessary to perform mercerization when the luster has to be imparted for use. Do not use fluorescent laundry detergent and soak bleach.

Jute is one of the cheapest natural fibers. It is second only to cotton in terms of quantity and use. It is mainly used for textile sacks, burlap, and can be woven into curtains, chair covers, carpets, burlap and linoleum-backed linen. Flax/Linen. Flax generally refers to flax plants or rough-processed linen, Linen generally refers to linen, linen, linen.

Advantages: ventilation, air permeability, gloss better than cotton;

Disadvantages: easy to wrinkle, creases are not easy to restore. The touch is cool and hard.

The identification method of flax: The burning effect is the same as burning a twine, it will produce white smoke, and it will turn gray after burning. Ramie Ramie. Is China's specialty, ramie fiber moisture permeability is about 3-5 times that of cotton fiber, the famous Liuyang Xiabu is the ramie fiber handmade products.


Bamboo fiber is a kind of cellulose fiber extracted from naturally growing bamboo, and it is the fifth largest natural fiber after cotton, hemp, wool, and silk. Bamboo fiber has good air permeability, instantaneous water absorption, strong wear resistance and good dyeing properties.

Animal fibers

Advantages: good moisture absorption, easy to wrinkle; Disadvantages: easy to shrink, can not be used washing machine mixing, susceptible to insects. Existing shrink-proof wool and cool wool.

Common wool fibers are:
1Angora, also known as Mohair;
2Cashmere, domestically known as Kaisemi or cashmere;
3Merino, also known as Merino wool. The identification method of wool fiber: the burning taste is the same as that of burning hair, curling, and it is black fluffy ash and brittle after burning.

Silk (SE) is the longest natural fiber.

Advantages: exquisite softness, good gloss, strong moisture absorption, easy to wrinkle;

Disadvantages: Prone to insects, intolerant to the sun.

The composition of silk chiffon is 100% silk, and the scientific name of chiffon is called georgette - georgette is also known as Qiaoqi. It is a kind of silk fabric with strong warping and weaving and weaving. (There are silk chiffon, there is Artificial silk chiffon, its composition is generally 100% polyester). Chiffon and georgette come from French CHIFFE and Georgette.

Identification method of silk: the burning taste is the same as that of burning hair, and it is black fluffy ash and brittle after burning.

regenerated cellulose fiber

The regenerated cellulose fiber is a regenerated fiber made from natural cellulose and chemically processed. In the U.S. FTC fiber classification, Rayon is generally used as the raw material of recycled fiber molecules, and the hydrogen content in the hydroxyl group does not exceed 15%.

Rayon's advantages: ventilation, breathability, good moisture absorption, easy washing, soft touch;

Disadvantages: It is prone to wrinkle, water shrinks, and fiber strength weakens. Similar to cotton fabric, it is recommended that the best dry cleaning, if the washing should use neutral lotion. If you want more information about fabric/fashion/matterss/decoration/and so on, please click the link China Mattress brush fabric.

HEJIANG HYA INDUSTRY CO.,LTD is a trading and industry company which was built up at 2008 specializing in exporting and purchasing to more than 15 countries .
Main products: mattress cover, jacquard mattress fabric (damask fabric, strech knit), printing mattress fabric (tricot ,satin,pongee ,brush ,T/C ), Stichbond fabric,fireproof fabric,waterproof memebrane and so on.

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